The legendary island of Atlantis has dazzled our imaginations for more than 2,500 years. Despite modern scientists dismissing the island as pure fiction, some people keep looking for it. The book,
provides evidence which suggests that the lost island was indeed a very real place. Proof of Atlantis?,
As a service to those who have a text only ebook reader, the illustrations used in the book are duplicated here for their convenience.
Introduction: In Search of Proof
Figure 0.1. Ruins at Göbekli Tepe, Turkey excavation, dated at 9500 BC—only 100 years after the supposed demise of Plato’s Atlantis.. Photo: Benefits (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Figure 0.2. Bimini island, Bahamas, off the coast of Florida, as seen from space. This is the location of a sunken breakwater said to be associated with one of the colonies of Atlantis. Photo: NASA (PD).
Figure 0.3. Santorini (Thera) as seen from the Landsat satellite. Some have theorized that this was Atlantis. Notice that the island is far from circular, and at 16 kilometers in diameter, the island set remains far from the size of Asia Minor and Ancient Libya combined, as described by Plato. Photo: NASA (PD).
Chapter 1: Proof of an Atlantis-Like Event?
Figure 1.1. 19 cm long section of GISP 2 ice core from 1855 meter depth, showing annual layer structure illuminated from below by a fiber optic source. Section contains 11 annual layers with summer layers (arrowed) sandwiched between darker winter layers. NOAA (PD).
Figure 1.2 Mount St. Helens eruption, 1980. Photo: USGS (PD).
Figure 1.3. Partial table of GISP2 sulfate readings by date BP (before “present,” or 1950). The highlighted record is for 9620.77 BC, showing a moderately large reading of volcanic sulfates. Data from NOAA website.
Figure 1.4. Graph from a 1989 article by R. Fairbanks, published in Nature magazine. It shows Barbados sea level curve based on radiocarbon-dated A. palmata (filled circles) compared with A. palmata age-depth data (open circles) for four other Caribbean island locations.
Chapter 2: Weakest Link and Climate Change 9620 BC
Figure 2.1. Convergent tectonic plate boundary. Examples: West coast of South America and the Cordilleras mountain range or the Philippine archipelago. Illustration by DomDomEgg (CC BY 4.0).
Figure 2.2. Bathymetry of the Northeast Atlantic. Map by Ifremer.fr.
Figure 2.3. Vertical crustal motions in millimeters per year. These rates of lithospheric uplift are due to post-glacial rebound. Map by Erik Ivins, JPL, NASA (PD).
Chapter 3: Geological Evidence
Figure 3.1. Seventeen volcanoes or volcanic fields in North Africa. The red lines indicate tectonic plate boundaries, excluding the Great Rift Valley partial boundary. https://volcanodiscovery.com/north-africa.html
Figure 3.2. Tectonic plates boundaries (detail) by Eric Gaba (CC BY-SA 2.5). Africa-Eurasia Euler pole (bullseye off coast of Africa) added based on the source for this map by Professor Emeritus Peter Bird, UCLA. This is the pole of rotation of the Africa plate with respect to the Eurasia. Red █ spreading center, ridge, divergent boundary. Green █ transform boundary (sliding side to side). Lavender █ convergent boundary, compressive folding. Blue █ subduction zone, convergent but sliding underneath (arrow indicating direction).
Figure 3.3. Transform tectonic plate boundary. Example: San Andreas fault line in California. Illustration by DomDomEgg (CC BY 4.0).
Figure 3.4. Divergent tectonic plate boundary, also called a “spreading center” or “ridge.” Examples: the Mid-Atlantic Ridge or the Great Rift Valley in East Africa. Illustration by DomDomEgg (CC BY 4.0).
Chapter 4: Hints from Myth
Figure 4.1. Asett (Isis), Heru (Horus) and Sett (Seth), Egyptian deities. Illustration by Jeff Dahl (CC BY-SA 4.0).